Essential Oil of Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)

Family: Rutaceae

Origin: Native to southeast Asia, but was introduced to Europe, particularly Italy, and is also found in the Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria

Plant description: A fifteen foot tree with long green leaves and white flowers. The fruit is pitted like a small orange, although it has a pear-like shape. Demands a special climate and soil.

Part of plant used for essential oil: Extracted from the rind of both ripe and unripe fruit.

Extraction method: expression yielding about .5%

Main Chemical Constituents: Linalool, Nerol, Terpineol (Alchohols), Linalyl acetate (Ester), Bergaptene (Lactone), Dipentene, Limonene (Terpenes).

PRECAUTIONS: May cause photosensitivity due to the chemical Bergaptene which helps with tanning but does not protect from burning. May also irritate sensitive skin.

PROPERTIES: Analgesic, Antidepressant, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Carminitive, Cicatrisant, Cordial, Deodorant, Digestive, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Insecticide, Sedative, Stomachic, Tonic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary. (TOP NOTE)



Digestive: Works well on the digestive tract and relieves conditions such as painful digestion, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, indigestion and loss of appetite. An excellent intestinal antiseptic, casts out intestinal parasites and apparently diminishes gallstones. Regulates appetite.

Nervous system: Decreases the action of the sympathetic nervous system.

Mental/Emotional: Its sedative yet uplifting character is excellent for anxiety, depression, and nervous tension. A combined cooling and refreshing quality seems to allay anger and frustration. Helps with Seasonal Affected Disorder

Reproductive: Could have a tonic action on the uterus and was once used to heal sexually transmitted diseases.

Circulation: Warms the heart and circulation.

Respiratory system: Helpful with respiratory infections, which may include breathing difficulties as well as tonsillitis, bronchitis, and tuberculosis.

Urinary system: A valuable antiseptic for the urinary tract and effective with infection, and inflammation, chiefly cystits.

Skin care: Often effective on cold sores, chicken pox and shingles. Excellent insect repellant and keeps pets away from plants.


About this essential oil: The name comes from a small town in Italy where the tree was originally cultivated. Probably one of the most common ingredients of all perfumes, especially Eau de Cologne.

Which Faith Aromatherapy Products can I find this oil in?


  1. The Directory of Essential Oils- Wanda Sellar
  2. essential

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