Essential Oil of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgar)



Family: Umbelliferae

Origin: Meditteranean

Plant description: A bush with yellow flowers, green feathery leaves and oblong fruits reaching to about about 5 feet.

Part of plant used for essential oil: Seeds

Extraction method: Steam

Main Chemical Constituents: Anisic, cuminic (aldehydes), fenchone (ketone), a anethole, methylchavicol (phenols), camphene, dipentene, limonene, phellandrene (terpenes).

PRECAUTIONS: May cause skin irritation and toxicity with over use. Avoid during pregnancy. People suffering from epilepsy should not use it. Do not use with a history of estrogen dependent cancer. Avoid if you have been diagnosed with diabetes, and if you are taking anticoagulant medicines. Avoid if you have a bleeding disorder. Do not use on children under 5.

PROPERTIES: Antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitif, carminative, detoxicant, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, galactagogue, insecticide, laxative, resolvent, splenetic, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific, tonic, and vermifuge.



Circulation/Muscles/Joints: Beneficial for overworked muscles and joints.

Digestive: Rids the system of poisonous toxins from food and alcohol. Helps with stomach ailments as it aids in indigestion. Good for hiccups, nausea, vomiting and colic.

Nervous system: Aids people under stress by calming the nervous system.

Mental/Emotional: Said to give strength and courage in adversity

Reproductive: Activates the glandular system by imitating the estrogen hormone. This makes it helpful in easing premenstrual tension and scanty periods. Helps with menopausal problems and low sexual response. Know to increase milk in nursing mothers.

Respiratory system: An antispasmodic and expectorant that may be useful in colds and bronchitis as well as whooping-cough.

Urinary system: Tonic to the liver, kidneys and spleen. May be helpful in dissolving kidney stones. It clears the intestines and relieves constipation and flatulence. It protects the spleen from infections.

Skin care: Clears poison from insect and serpent bites. Disperses cellulitis through its diuretic action. Reputable for keeping wrinkles away. Helps soothe and balance oil in the skin.


About this essential oil: Fennel was used by ancient civilizations including the Egyptians for food and medicine and the Chinese for snake bites.



  1. The Directory of Essential Oils- Wanda Sellar
  2. http://www.floracopeia.com/Essential-Oils/essential-oils-sub/organic-fennel-oil-sweet.html
  3. http://articles.mercola.com/herbal-oils/sweet-fennel-oil.aspx



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